PostgreSQL DROP DATABASE with Example
The DROP DATABASE statement removes all the catalog entries and data directory permanently from the PostgreSQL environment. So, you should be extra cautious when performing this operation.
However, this command can be executed only by the database owner. You also can’t execute this command while someone is connected with the target database. You need to connect to some other database to execute the DROP DATABASE command.
DROP DATABASE [IF EXISTS) name;
- IF EXISTS: This is an optional parameter. In case of the database does not exist, a warning is displayed instead of an error
- name: mention the DB name that you want to drop
Let’s see it in action
PostgreSQL Drop Database Using SQL Shell(Command Line)
Step 1) Use command \l to determine the currently available database.
Step 2) To drop database enter command
drop database guru99
Use command \l to check whether DB is deleted
Step 3) Try to drop the same database again, you will get an error.
Step 4) Drop the database with IF exists clause and you get a warning
drop database IF EXISTS guru99
PostgreSQL Drop Database PgAdmin (GUI)
Step 1) Right Click on database “guru99” and click “Delete/Drop.”
Step 2) Click OK on the confirmation pop-up
Database is deleted.
The dropdb command allows you to delete database remotely. But, the user must be the owner of the database in order to delete that database.
Dropdb [option.] dbname
Echo commands that dropdb creates and sends to the server.
Display a verification prompt before performing any destructive job
Use this option to print the dropdb version.
Provide help with dropdb command-line arguments.
Helps you to specify the name of the host of the system on which the server is currently running.
Option allows you to specify the Unix domain socket file extension on which the server is establishing connections.
If exists will show an error instead of a warming if the DB does not exit
User name to connect as.
Use this option if you don’t want a password prompt
Use this parameter to prompt for a password before dropping the database.
We want to destroy a database guru99 with the help of a server on host rome, port 4565, with verification and you need to use following command:
dropdb -p 4565 -h rome -i -e guru99
Database “guru99” will be permanently deleted.
Are you sure? (y/n) if you select y, then you can
DROP DATABASE guru99;
- The DROP DATABASE statement removes all the catalog entries and data directory permanently from the PostgreSQL environment
- Use can use If exists clause so that no error is displayed
- You can also drop a database using pgadmin
- dropdb command allows you to remotely drop a DB